Eye HealthLifestyle Topics
"No Rub" a No Go
To prevent infection, use the "rub and rinse" method to clean your contacts, even with "no rub" solutions.
Eye Protection at Home
Every household should have at least one pair of ANSI-approved protective eyewear for risky activities.
Blood Sugar and Eye Exams
Control your blood sugar for several days before a routine eye exam to ensure you get a proper prescription for eyeglasses.
Tell Your MDs All Your Rx
If you have glaucoma, tell your Eye MD all medications you take, and tell your other doctors about your glaucoma medication.
Sleep Apnea and Glaucoma
Research shows that those with sleep apnea are more likely to develop glaucoma. Get treated to save your sight.
What Is an Ophthalmologist?
Are You Fit at 40?
A baseline eye exam is recommended at age 40, when the signs of disease and changes in vision may start to occur.
Dos and Don'ts When You Scratch Your Eye
Perhaps something blows in your eye or a small child accidentally pokes you in the eye. Then, maybe right away or even hours later, you experience pain, the feeling that something is stuck in your eye, or tearing and redness. Chances are you have scratched your eye — a problem also known as a corneal abrasion.
Corneal abrasion is a scratch or scrape on the cornea, the clear, round dome covering the eye's iris and pupil. By helping to focus light as it enters the eye, the cornea plays an important role in vision. When a corneal abrasion scars the cornea, it can affect vision. Besides the problems mentioned above, other corneal abrasion symptoms can include blurry vision, sensitivity to light and headache.
If you do scratch your eye, here are some things you should — and should not — do:
- Rinse your eye with saline solution or clean water. If you don't have an eyecup, use a small, clean glass. Rest the rim of the glass on the bone at the base of your eye socket, below your lower eyelid. The water or saline solution may flush the foreign object from your eye.
- Blink. Blinking can help get rid of small bits of dust or sand in your eye.
- Pull your upper eyelid over your lower eyelid. The lashes from your lower eyelid may be able to brush away any foreign object caught underneath your upper eye lid.
- Wear sunglasses. If your eye is sensitive to light because of the scratch, sunglasses will lessen the symptoms while you heal.
- DON'T rub your eye. You may be tempted to do so, but rubbing your eye can make the abrasion worse.
- DON'T touch your eye with anything. Fingers, cotton swabs and other objects won't help remove the foreign object and could hurt your eye more. Remember that the object that caused the scratch could be gone even though you still feel as if something is in your eye.
- DON'T wear your contact lenses. Wearing your contact lenses will slow the healing process and could cause complications.
See your ophthalmologist (Eye M.D.) if you scratch your eye. Most corneal abrasions are minor and will heal on their own in a few days. Your ophthalmologist may treat a corneal abrasion with antibiotic eye drops or ointment or use steroid eyedrops to reduce inflammation and reduce the chance of scarring. The best way to deal with a scratched eye, though, is to avoid getting one in the first place. If you are going to be engaged in an activity where you risk injuring your eye, make sure you use protective eyewear.