In some cases of acquired nystagmus, stopping a medication or eliminating alcohol or drug abuse can end the problem. However, nystagmus is often a permanent condition. Its severity may be reduced through different treatments. Improving vision with spectacles or contact lenses is an important part of treating nystagmus.
Surgery on the eye muscles may be appropriate for some people with nystagmus. The goal of the surgery is to alleviate a significantly abnormal head position or to ease the severity of the nystagmus. While the surgery may improve vision, it does not totally eliminate nystagmus.
Medications have been used to lessen the severity of nystagmus, but their use is often limited because of the side effects they cause. Injections of botulinum toxin may be helpful for some individuals who experience severe shakiness in their vision.