To accurately diagnose bacterial keratitis eye infection, your Eye M.D. may gently scrape the eye to take a small sample of material and test it for infection. He or she will also discuss your bacterial keratitis symptoms with you. Your ophthalmologist will diagnose whether your keratitis is bacterial keratitis or fungal keratitis.
Bacterial keratitis is usually treated with antibiotic drops and may require multiple return visits to your ophthalmologist. Drops are usually put in frequently. Treatment may also involve a topical steroid applied to the eye.
If you wear contact lenses, it is very important to safely handle, store and clean your lenses to reduce your risk of developing a keratitis infection. Learn how to safely take care of your contact lenses.
If bacterial keratitis is caught and treated early, vision may be preserved. However in severe cases, or if the infection affects the center of the cornea, decreased vision or blindness may result. In some cases corneal transplantation is needed to restore vision.